The logged primary
forest at the study site lies within a severely fragmented matrix of
forest that runs between ridges and streams (e.g. Matanda Sappa). The
forested ridge represented within the study ste was partly bordered
by a cleared slope where a few dead trees remained standing and a small
rice paddy had been established; th eformer were excavated by the coleto,
Sarcops calvus and the Polillo Greater Flameback, Chrysocolaptes
lucidus grandis. Apitong had been logged within the forest.